Living With Dementia: Types and Care Options

Dementia refers to a decline in cognitive function that causes severe changes in several areas in the brain that includes language, decision-making, and memory. Individuals with dementia have difficulty performing daily tasks and may experience changes in their behavior and personality. Consequently, they may require the assistance of a home health aide to maintain their health and quality of life.

What are the different types of dementia?

  • Alzheimer’s disease – This is the most common form of dementia and comprises 60-80% of dementia cases. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive illness that gradually worsens the condition of an individual over time.
  • Frontotemporal dementia – Several forms of dementia are categorized under frontotemporal dementia. Individuals with frontotemporal dementia exhibit a loss of inhibitions, changes in behavior, and difficulty with language.
  • Parkinson’s disease – Advanced cases of Parkinson’s disease may progress to dementia with symptoms that include a decline in reasoning, increased paranoia, and depression.
  • Vascular dementia – This type of dementia is caused by reduced blood flow in the brain due to a stroke or buildup in the arteries.

Finding the right care option and support

Although there is no known cure, treatment for dementia is administered through medications and non-drug therapies. As a result, most doctors recommend home care in Fairfax, Virginia, as a care option for individuals with dementia.

Home care providers such as Mint Home Care offer personal assistance, hospital accompaniment, and companion care in Bethesda, Maryland, among many services to support dementia patients. Through companionship care, patients enjoy assistance with daily living activities and compassionate care. Moreover, homemaking and personal assistance services in Fauquier County, Virginia, can also help them with light housekeeping responsibilities to ensure optimal wellness at home.